The gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar) is a non-native invasive species. This insect is currently in the egg mass stage, and will be in this stage until next spring when the caterpillars will hatch and begin feeding. Egg masses can help predict what population levels could be for the upcoming season. Now is the time to look for egg masses. Egg masses can be found almost anywhere. While we tend to look on trees, they can be found on homes, sheds, trailers, dog houses, bird houses, on firewood, on fences, yard art and signs. Egg masses can also be hidden under loose bark or in tree wounds. I once hit the jackpot of gypsy moth egg masses when I removed a piece of garden art that was hanging outdoors. You have to be a bit of a detective to find them all!
The caterpillar is the devastating stage as it feeds on over 300 different trees and shrubs, but is especially fond of oaks. Later instars seem to like spruce and can quickly kill this evergreen in a single season.
Currently 51 counties in Ohio are regulated under the Gypsy Moth Quarantine. The counties include: Ashland, Ashtabula, Athens, Belmont, Carroll, Columbiana, Coshocton, Crawford, Cuyahoga, Defiance, Delaware, Erie, Fairfield, Franklin, Fulton, Geauga, Guernsey, Harrison, Henry, Hocking, Holmes, Huron, Jefferson, Knox, Lake, Licking, Lorain, Lucas, Mahoning, Marion, Medina, Monroe, Morgan, Morrow, Muskingum, Noble, Ottawa, Perry, Portage, Richland, Sandusky, Seneca, Stark, Summit, Trumbull, Tuscarawas, Vinton, Washington, Wayne, Williams, and Wood.
If you are seeing gypsy moth egg masses and are interested in learning if the area could qualify to be part of the ODA Gypsy Moth Suppression Program, here are some details.
Proposed block must be located in a county that has been designated quarantine for gypsy moth by ODA.
Proposed block must contain a minimum of 50 contiguous forested acres.
Proposed block must have a concentration of at least 250 egg masses per in residential forested areas or 1000 egg masses per acre in uninhabited forested areas.
Proposed block must have a tree canopy that covers no less than 50% of the block.
Proposed block must consist of at least 35% of tree species that are either susceptible or slightly resistant to the gypsy moth.
Proposed block must receive a favorable T & E Assessment from ODNR and the US F & W Service.
Once approved, cost share payment from the landowners will be due by March 1 of the treatment year.
To be considered for the 2018 season, applications must be completed and turned into ODA by September 1, 2017.
In Northwest Ohio, there seems to be increasing numbers in particular areas. On Tuesday, August 15 there is an educational program scheduled in Swanton, Ohio. Doors will open at 6:30 pm, and the program will begin at 7:00 pm. The program should last about 60 minutes, but there will be time for questions from the residents. The program will be hosted by the Swanton Tree Commission. For additional information about the program, contact Amy Stone at email@example.com or call 419-578-6783.